Chandrayaan-3 is considered to be the most difficult mission ever undertaken by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). Simply put, it’s like learning the art of soft-landing.
What is the Main objective of Chandrayaan-3
The main objective of Chandrayaan-3 is to land a rover on the lunar surface and conduct scientific experiments. Soft-landing a spacecraft on the Moon – or any celestial body – is extremely complex and difficult. Chandrayaan-2 failed due to its Vikram lander even after successfully reaching the lunar orbit. It deviated from its flight path about 2 km above the lunar surface and made a hard landing.
Now ISRO wants to try again. ISRO Chairman and Secretary, Department of Space, S Somnath told the Indian Science Congress that the broad mission objective of Chandrayaan-3 is similar to that of its predecessor Chandrayaan-2, which was launched in 2019. Was. He has said that the main goal is to make a safe lunar landing and ensure that the lander’s on-board rover can escape the lander and cross the lunar surface.
What was mission Chandrayaan-2?
The Chandrayaan 2 mission was the second Chandrayaan mission of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). The objective of this mission was to present the Indian flagship vehicle on the surface of the Moon. This mission was to take the Chandrayaan 2 satellite to the Moon’s highest altitude. Chandrayaan 2 was launched in April 2019 and completed in September 2019. This mission was an important step for India, which strengthened the country’s surveillance of the Moon and increased India’s importance in space.
Why Chandrayaan-2 Failed?
The reason for the failure of the Chandrayaan 2 mission was that its main thruster engine, which was to be used to land the Vikram lander on the lunar surface, was not working at the right time. When the engine was fired in the final phase of the flight, a technical problem caused the engine to lose contact and it could not hit its target. This problem was detected at a very early stage, which aggravated the problem in the later stages and the flight could not be completed. Thus, the Chandrayaan 2 mission failed and was cancelled.
How and why did Chandrayaan-2 failed? Know the Reason
What We Learned Upgraded From Chandryaan-2?
Following the setback with Chandrayaan-2’s lander, Vikram, ISRO has taken several measures to ensure that the third Moon mission accomplishes what its predecessors could not. Changes have been made to the software, propulsion system, sensors and accessories. Ruggedization is being built in to handle unexpected situations and failures. A key difference to reduce complexity is that the Chandrayaan-3 mission will carry only a lunar lander, rover and propulsion module, unlike its predecessor Chandrayaan-2 which will carry an orbiter, lander and propulsion module. Rover was taken.
The broad objective of the mission is to advance India’s understanding of the lunar surface and composition, as well as collect data on lunar topography, mineralogy and the presence of water molecules. By collecting valuable data, scientists hope to uncover more secrets about the Moon’s origin and evolution. But beyond a scientific perspective, demonstrating the ability to soft-land a spacecraft is important from a geopolitical and geoeconomic perspective. is also important. Other nations such as the United States and China are delving deeper into this area, and the Chandrayaan-3 mission could provide India with an important place in this direction.
Chandrayaan-3 aims to obtain new insights into the depth of science on the surface of the Moon and enhance India’s reputation in the space research sector. In addition, this mission will develop new technologies and develop experience and skills for interplanetary missions.