CHANDRAYAAN-3

India’s lunar mission, Chandrayaan-3, is set to launch on July 13.

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has confirmed the launch date for Chandrayaan-3, its highly anticipated lunar mission. The rocket is scheduled to launch on July 13 at 2:30 pm local time. This mission is India’s third attempt to reach the moon, following the partially successful Chandrayaan-2 mission in 2019.

Chandrayaan-3 aims to demonstrate India’s ability to soft-land on the lunar surface and operate a robotic rover. Unlike its predecessor, it will not carry an orbiter. The mission will utilize a GSLV Mark 3 heavy-lift launch vehicle from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Srihari Kota, India. The budget for the mission is set at ₹ 615 crore.

ISRO chief S Somnath says, “Currently the Chandrayaan 3 spacecraft is fully integrated. We have completed the testing…Currently, the window of opportunity for launch is between 12-19th July…We will announce the exact date after all the tests are completed…”

To ensure the success of the mission, ISRO has conducted extensive testing and validation processes. Lessons learned from the previous mission have been incorporated into the mission design and payload configuration. The spacecraft will be carried by a propulsion module until it reaches a lunar orbit of 100 km.

One notable addition to the mission is the Spectro-polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth (SHAPE) payload. This equipment will study Earth’s spectral and polarimetric measurements from the lunar orbit, providing valuable data about our planet.

The Chandrayaan-3 mission has three primary objectives: achieving a safe and soft landing on the Moon, demonstrating the rover’s capabilities on the lunar surface, and conducting scientific observations in situ. The mission aims to explore the lunar surface’s chemical composition, natural elements, soil, and water to enhance our understanding of the Moon.

This mission holds significance not only for India but also for the global scientific community. It builds upon previous missions’ knowledge and strengthens the capabilities necessary for future lunar and interplanetary explorations.

What is Mission Chandryaan-3 ?

Unlike the previous mission, Chandrayaan-3 will not carry an orbiter. It will use a heavy-lift launch vehicle called GSLV Mark 3 from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, India. The budget for this mission is around ₹ 615 crore.

To ensure the mission’s success, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has conducted extensive testing and validation processes. They have learned from previous missions and made improvements in the mission design and payload configuration.

A new addition to the mission is the Spectro-polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth (SHAPE) payload. This equipment will study Earth’s measurements from the lunar orbit, providing valuable data about our planet.

What is the purpose of Chandrayaan-3?

ISRO has set three main objectives for the Chandrayaan-3 mission, which include

1 Getting a lander safe and soft landing on the surface of the Moon.

2 Observing and demonstrating the rover’s loitering capabilities on the Moon

3 In-situ scientific observation means making scientific experiments on the chemical and natural elements, soil, water, etc. available on the surface of the Moon to better understand and practice the composition of the Moon. Interplanetary refers to the development and demonstration of new technologies required for missions between two planets.

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